Irlande, un gouvernement responsable

PIB pays Européen, The Economist Nov. 2009Un travail de réparation sur les finances publiques est l'acronyme de meilleures chances d'être durable que si elle repose sur des réductions de dépenses que des hausses d'impôt ou taxes.

Sa dette se situe à 96% de son PIB, celle du Québec environ à 106%.

Irlande a subi de plein fouet la crise économique, le mois passé elle a déposé son budget 2009-2010. Elle démontre que des hausses de taxes ou d’emprunts ne sont pas des solutions viables, à moyen long terme. Elle doit prendre des décisions difficiles, mais responsables, elle doit réduire ces dépenses pour maintenir un bien-être économique futur.  

Irlande: est membre de l'Union européenne et appartient à la zone euro, la République d'Irlande est devenue un des pays les plus prospères d'Europe.

Population: 4,339,000

PIB: 186,200 Millions, (PIB du Québec: 271,530 Millions).

Nombre de fonctionnaire: 262,000 fonctionnaires

Particularité législative: République

Voici certains extraits de son budget : (lecture audio)

IRELAND : FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE MINISTER FOR FINANCE ,MR BRIAN LENIHAN, T.D. ,9 DECEMBER 2009

INTRODUCTION (A.5)

It is of enormous benefit that the main political parties in this House share a common understanding of the extent of our difficulties. And even if we disagree on how to solve our problems, our agreement on the amount of savings required sends a powerful signal to the rest of the world that we are able and willing to put our own house in order.

Today, I want to tell the Irish people that even though our economy is still in a weakened condition, and our self confidence as a nation has been shaken, the Government’s strategy over the last eighteen months is working and we can now see the first signs of a recovery here at home and in our main international markets.

NEXT STEPS TOWARDS RECOVERY (A.5)

In this next phase of the Government’s Plan we must:

-      stabilise the deficit in a fair way;

-      safeguard those worst hit by the recession; and

-      stimulate crucial sectors of our economy to sustain and create jobs.

RESTORING OUR COMPETITIVE EDGE (A.7)

Unless we regain our competitive edge, we will be unable to return to the tried and tested strategy of export-led growth that ushered in the boom in the early 1990s. We must be able to compete and win again in the international marketplace.

WHY BORROWING MORE IS NOT THE ANSWER (A.7)

Some have argued we should continue to borrow and wait for the economy to grow again before tackling the budget deficit. There are three reasons why this is not a viable proposition.

-      First, we know from the 1980s how large deficits, left unchecked, can lead to a dangerous spiral of mounting debt and ever increasing interest payments. Never again should we return to a position where all of our income taxes go to pay interest on the national debt.

-      Second, international debt markets have become more crowded and more fragile. If lenders were to lose faith in our ability to restore order to the public finances, the consequences for our economic wellbeing would be profound.

-      Third, only decisive action will restore confidence. Consumers will only start to spend and business owners will only invest and create jobs if they believe we are tackling our deficit problem now.

“In our everyday lives we do not borrow to pay for our household bills. We cut back and seek to live within our means.”

The same strictures apply at national level. Borrowing hundreds of millions a week to pay for day to day spending is just not on. Stabilising the deficit is the next key milestone in our plan to deliver economic recovery for this country.

WHY WE CANNOT TAX OUR WAY OUT OF THIS(A.8)

Others have argued for increases in taxes as a means of stabilising the deficit. But those who demand higher taxes fail to recognise what I have already done.

The progressivity of the recent changes is beyond doubt. But we have reached the limit. We will not create jobs by increasing the penalty on work and investment.

ADJUSTMENTS TO PUBLIC SERVICE PAY AND PENSIONS(A.11)

The Government has considered the recommendations of the Review Body and intends to apply reductions to all public servants in the higher pay bands including hospital consultants.

Based on the Review Body’s recommendations I propose to apply a reduction in pay of :

-      8 per cent for those with salaries from €125,000 to €165,000;

-      12 per cent for those earning between €165,000 to €200,000; and

-      15 per cent for those earning €200,000 or more.

These are permanent reductions which will be reflected in future pension entitlements.

As the House knows, there were lengthy negotiations with the public service unions in recent weeks. The Government wanted to achieve the necessary reductions by agreement and the unions earnestly sought to conclude a deal. I want to thank public service unions for accepting the need to reduce the public service pay bill and their constructive and strenuous efforts to reach an agreement on how this would be done. Regrettably, a deal was not possible.

The reductions we must now make do not reflect any lack of recognition of public servants or of the quality of the work they do for all of us. They are simply a matter of budgetary necessity in these extraordinarily difficult times.

Accordingly, the pay of public servants will be reduced with effect from 1 January 2010 as follows:

-      a reduction of 5 per cent on the first €30,000 of salary;

-      a reduction of 7½ per cent on the next €40,000 of salary; and

-      a reduction of 10 per cent on the next €55,000 of salary.

Public Service Pension Reform

Exchequer spending on public service pensions will be over €2 billion in 2010.

As life expectancy improves and the population ages, this cost is set to rise. The State’s pensions bill will grow from about 5 per cent to 13 per cent of GDP by 2050, with two thirds of the increase in spending going on social welfare pensions and the remainder on public service pensions.

Cost increases on this scale cannot be ignored by a responsible Government determined to secure our economic future.

The Government has decided to introduce a new single pension scheme for all new entrants to the public service. The legislation will be introduced in 2010 and the scheme will be in place by the end of the year.

The new scheme will bring public service pension terms more in line with private sector norms.

Among other things, it will change the calculation of benefits so that pensions arebased on “career average” earnings rather than final salary on retirement as at present.

This will be more equitable than the present system which favours those with higher earnings later in their careers.

The minimum pension age for new public servants will also be increased from 65 to 66 and then linked to increases in the state pension age.

Pour équilibrer le budget

Le budget 2009 haussé les impôts revenus (de travailleurs au salaire minimum pour les individus les plus riches), de cigarettes et de taxes sur le carburant diesel, d'augmenter de 3,5 milliards € en recettes.

Le gouvernement a également réduit de moitié les prestations de chômage et de l'enfant au début des paiements de soins. Le versement d'une prime traditionnelle pour les bénéficiaires d'aide sociale a également été mis au rebut.

Le budget 2010 comprend un ajustement de 5 milliards d '€ fiscale:

€ 4,0 billion de réduction des dépenses courantes, ce qui inclut

-      € 1,4 milliards € coupées dans le secteur public payant;

-      € 1,3 milliards € baisse des coûts de protection sociale, et

-      €1,3 milliards € coupées dans la prestation de services

-      € 0,5 milliard en élargissant l'assiette fiscale, et

-      € 0,5 milliard en dépenses de capital épargne

Main Points of Budget 2010 (Pour plus de détail, ici)

1.       Social welfare payments will be reduced by 4.1%

2.       Child benefit reduced by €16 per month (welfare-dependent families not affected)

3.       Jobseekers' Allowance reduced to €100 a week for those aged 20 and 21 with no children, and to €150 for those aged between 22 and 24 and in cases where job offers have been refused

4.       Tiered pay cuts for public servants - 5% on the first €30,000 of salary, 7.5% reduction on the next €40,000 and 10% on the next €55,000 of salary

5.       Public servants' pensions to be linked to average salary across career, rather than final salary

6.       VAT rate reduced - 21.5% rate dropped to 21%

7.       50c charge for every medical card prescription from April

8.       Hospital consultants will see their pay cut by up to 15%

9.       People with a certain level of assets at home and abroad will have to pay €200,000 per year to maintain their Irish passport

10.   Taoiseach's (Deputy)salary to be reduced by 20%

11.   Mortgage interest relief - Extended to 2018 for those who now find themselves in negative equity

12.   The minimum pension age for new public servants will be increased from 65 to 66 - then linked to increases in the State pension age