World Justice Project

Cahier spécial : World Justice Project


Un système judiciaire défaillant engendre une gouvernance défaillante

Les deux services les plus fondamentaux  d’un pays démocratique sont :  la sécurité et la justice, si celle-ci est défaillante, la gouvernance est fragilisée, donc, le lien moral entre le peuple et le gouvernement est aussi fragilisé.

Deux problématiques majeures que nous trouvons en Europe de l’Ouest et en l’Amérique du Nord.

·         L’imputabilité de la gouvernance de nos institutions publiques

·         L’accès à la justice du simple concitoyen.


Voici un rapport sur la mise en œuvre de la justice dans le monde :

World Justice Project

About the WJP

 

Our mission is to lead a global, multidisciplinary effort to strengthen the rule of law for the development of communities of opportunity and equity.

 

The World Justice Project is based on two complementary premises:

 

·         First, the rule of law is the foundation for communities of opportunity and equity; and

 

·         Second, multidisciplinary collaboration is the most effective way to advance the rule of law

 

The WJP uses a working definition of the rule of law based on four universal principles:

 

1)      The government and its officials and agents are accountable under the law.

 

2)      The laws are clear, publicized, stable and fair, and protect fundamental rights, including the security of persons and property.

 

3)      The process by which the laws are enacted, administered and enforced is accessible, fair and efficient.

 

4)      Access to justice is provided by competent, independent, and ethical adjudicators, attorneys or representatives and judicial officers who are of sufficient number, have adequate resources, and reflect the makeup of the communities they serve

 

Western Europe and North America

 

Countries in Western Europe and North America tend to outperform most other countries in all dimensions.

 

These countries are characterized by low levels of corruption, with open and accountable governments, and effective criminal justice systems. In most dimensions, countries in Western Europe obtain higher scores than the United

States.

 

For example, Sweden, the Netherlands, Austria, and France receive among the best marks in terms of absence of corruption.

 

The greatest weakness in Western Europe and North America appears to be related to the accessibility of the civil justice system.

 

In the area of access to legal counsel, for instance, the United States ranks 20th, while Sweden ranks 17th. These are areas that require attention from both policy makers and civil society to ensure that all people, including marginalized groups, are able to benefit from the civil justice system.

Voici différents points qui m’intéressent particulièrement

·         Le temps d’attente du système judiciaire pour soumettre un jugement

·         1.5 Government officials are sanctioned for misconduct

·         2.2 Government officials exercise their functions without improper influence

·         7.2 Government regulations are applied and enforced without improper influence

·         8.2 People can access and afford legal counsel in civildisputes

·         8.3 People can access and afford civil courts

·         8.6 Civil justice is free of unreasonable delays

Je vais comparer trois pays: États-Unis (un pays de juge et d’avocat), le Canada et un pays scandinaves qui sont réputés pour avoir une gouvernance ayant une grande imputabilité et de transparence, la Suède.


Cahier spécial : World Justice Project

1.        World Justice Project

·         About the WJP

·         The WJP uses a working definition of the rule of law based on four universal principles

·         Western Europe and North America

2.        Length of time to solve the conflict, WJP (2)

3.        Accountable Government - Imputabilité de l’État, WJP (3)

4.        Open Government – Gestion ouverte, WJP (4)

5.        Access to justice – Accès équitable de la justice WJP (5)

6.        Conclusion, WJP (6)