Mike Harris reverse the pipeline

Il y a un débat actuellement si on devait renverser le flux du pipeline de l’Ouest vers l’Est.

Je crois qu’il est fondamental de trouver d’autres débouchés pour le pétrole de l’Ouest canadien, d’autant plus, nous le vendons aux Américains 20 $ plus bas que le prix international.

Si, les Américains deviennent autosuffisants, imaginer à quel prix on le vendrait, on  peut le constater avec notre électricité, on le vend à 4c le kW/h  aux Américains et nous le vendons à 7c kW/h au Québécois

De plus, il nous coûterait moins cher à consommer, ce qui n’est pas de trop avec les augmentations de tarifs et de taxes que nous subissons.

Pour les environnementalistes, il faut faire des compromis, c’est bien beau tout protéger, mais vous êtres bien contents de recevoir 7.5 milliards de péréquations sans trop regarder la source de cet argent.

Mais dans la réalité des faits, c’est l’Ouest qui est la vache à lait du Canada, donc, il est tout à fait logique d’avoir la décence d’utiliser son propre pétrole.

Je pense, que c’est une principale raison, pourquoi le projet de Nexen a été accepté, trouver d’autres débouchés, au cas où, ça se corserait avec les Américains.

L’ancien Premier ministre Harris a fait un exposé en trois points, pourquoi renverser le flux du pipeline.

Extrait de: Mike Harris: Turn Line 9 around, Mike Harris, Dec 5, 2012

In Canada today, infrastructure projects of all kinds face intense scrutiny, debate and often outright opposition. Whether the project is a new build, a refurbishment or a repurposing of existing infrastructure, stakeholders who live adjacent to planned projects, NGOs and other advocacy groups are making their voices heard and have achieved considerable success in halting the projects they oppose.

Thus we find ourselves in the midst of a debate over a proposal by Enbridge Inc. to reverse the flow and increase the capacity of oil in its Line 9 pipeline. The line, which was built in the mid-1970s, currently transports up to 245,000 barrels per day of imported offshore oil from Montreal to Sarnia, Ont.


On the safety front, opponents of Enbridge’s plan say that the company will use Line 9 to transport bitumen-derived crude oil from the oil sands, that bitumen is more corrosive to pipes than other crude products, and that the risk of a leak or spill is therefore greater. In fact, not only will the reversal of Line 9 provide transport of crude from a variety of different sources in Western Canada, but the Canadian pipeline industry can point to research that shows that all crude oils, including those derived from bitumen, have low corrosivity and that there is no increased risk. Just recently, Natural Resources Canada confirmed this claim by releasing the research findings of several internationally recognized organizations involved in such testing. Their finding was that “the corrosivity of oil sands-derived crudes is no different than that of other crudes.

The Canadian pipeline industry’s overall safety record is among the world’s best. In the past decade, 99.9% of the energy carried in Canada’s 110,000-kilometre energy transmission pipeline network was done so safely. If this network didn’t exist, the Canadian Energy Pipeline Association estimates that it would take 15,000 tanker trucks on Canadian highways, or 4,200 rail cars on our railroads, to transport the oil and gas delivered to Canadians every day.

Lower-priced Canadian

Bringing lower-priced Canadian feedstock to Eastern refineries has several important benefits to local and provincial economies. In Quebec, the refinery sector has been in decline for a decade due to intense global competition, and a number of refineries have closed. By improving the competitiveness of the remaining refineries in that province, the risk of further closures is reduced, 1,100 refinery jobs are protected, and many more indirect jobs in Quebec’s petrochemicals and plastics industries are made more secure.

On ajuste à se rappeler la fermeture de Shell

Une mondialisation sans pitié

Il va falloir que le Québec prenne conscience qu'il y a de moins en moins de barrières qui obligent des entreprises à garder un pied-à-terre ici.

Avec la technologie et la réglementation qui favorise le libre-échange, les industries sont plus libres de leurs mouvements que jamais.

La mondialisation permet de fabriquer moins cher ailleurs et c'est de cette manière que les décisions d'investissement se prennent.»

Ce dernier fait référence aux mégaraffineries ultramodernes de 320 000 barils par jour présentement en construction dans le sud des États-Unis (un agrandissement) et de 500 000 barils par jour, à Singapour, qui sera exploitée avec à peine 300 employés.(réf:1)

Donc on serait moins à la merci d’une dernière délocalisation.

A recent economic-impact study prepared for Enbridge indicates substantial benefits from this project. The savings in refinery costs from lower-priced Western feedstock will add $23.5-billion to Quebec’s GDP over the next three decades. During the same period, the province’s revenues will increase by $2.8-billion and federal revenues by $3.5-billion. Ontario will gain 3,250 person-years of direct and indirect employment, and Quebec will gain 1,969 person-years.

Ontario’s petrochemical industry cluster in the Sarnia-Lambton region is also at a costly disadvantage due to higher-priced offshore oil that currently feeds it. The petrochemical value chain supports vital spinoff manufacturing in Ontario, including automotive parts, rubber-based products, extruded plastics, secondary and specialty chemicals, insulation and synthetics. This lack of competitiveness among Ontario’s refineries puts them at greater risk of closure and is a threat to the province’s petrochemical and spinoff industries — and all the manufacturing jobs that are so vital to the provincial economy. The benefit to Ontario refineries from lower-priced feedstock will be $960-million over three decades.

Optimizing Canada’s current energy transmission pipeline network is essential to our economy as a whole. Natural gas and crude oil products not only act as energy to light and heat our homes, fuel our vehicles and power our factories and businesses, but also contribute to our manufacturing industries and are an essential component of our nation’s continued growth and prosperity.


As for energy independence, one need not look past current headlines to understand why delivering Canadian oil to Canadian refineries and customers is so important. Instability and the threat of war in the Middle East is an ongoing threat to oil supply coming from that region and places intense upward pressure on the price of oil. By bringing Canadian oil to Central and Eastern Canada, the reversal of Line 9 will make an important contribution to the long-term security of these regions’ energy supply.

All Canadians have an important voice in energy development in this country, and should be involved in a discussion on the nature and pace of development of this strategic resource. Yet it is clear that those who are staunchly against any further development have set their sights on pipelines. By opposing any new pipeline projects or even the repurposing of existing pipelines, they are attempting to achieve their objective by severing the link between producer and customer. This “take-no-prisoners” approach would weaken Canada’s energy supply system and inflict serious damage on vital industries and jobs in Central and Eastern Canada.

Financial Post

Mike Harris, former premier of Ontario, is senior business advisor at Cassels Brock and senior fellow at the Fraser Institute.