Generation squeeze (Z) – Age Analysis of household earnings


Understanding the rise in median full-time earnings for women and the deterioration for young men is helpful when interpreting how increases in female labour force participation have influenced median household incomes since 1976.

Generation squeeze (Z) – Age Analysis of household earnings

For instance, women age 25-44 increased their participation from 54 per cent in 1976 to 83 per cent in 2013 – a large increase of 29 percentage points – while men’s participation remained relatively stable above 92 per cent (Statistics Canada 2014b).

This dramatic shift in the allocation of young women’s time coincides with just a

·         $5,900 (nine per cent) increase in total income for households of two or more adults in the 25-34 age group;

·         and $9,500 (12 per cent) for households in the 35-44 age group.

·         The devotion of more female time to the labour market has paid larger dividends for households over age 44.

·         Women age 45-64 years increased their labour force participation from  over the same period

The most dramatic increase in total household income has occurred for those age 65 and older. Their incomes are up $17,380 compared to 1976. In this age group, it remains the case that very few people work.

While the re-allocation of young women’s time to the labour force did not generate as impressive gains for younger households as it has done for older households, Table 2 shows today’s younger group does enjoy better income starting points than other recent cohorts. Those starting out in the early 1980s and especially the late 1990s started with lower household incomes than do today’s young households. Indeed, Table 2 shows all parts of the working age population report gains in median household income since 2000.

Generation squeeze (Z)

  1. Generation squeeze (Z)
  2. Generation squeeze (Z) - Individual income
  3. Generation squeeze (Z) – Age Analysis of household earnings
  4. Generation squeeze (Z) – Cost of living : Housing
  5. Generation squeeze (Z) - Revenue and Spending, by Age
  6. Generation squeeze (Z) - Discussion